MOBILITY & ACCESSIBILITY
Federal regulations such as Title VI, Environmental Justice, and the Americans With Disabilities Act require and allow HATS to account for the needs of the disabled and elderly (individuals aged 65 years and older) as well as the underrepresented and underserved communities of our region. While most people associate the disabled community as individuals who are physically impaired (i.e. wheelchair, walker and scooter users), this community also factors in those that are sensually impaired such as visual and hearing disabilities. According to the American Community Survey, 5 percent of citizens in our region currently live with a sensory disability (vision and hearing).
According to 2016 American Community Survey estimates from the US Census Bureau, the HATS region’s disabled population accounts for nearly 12.5 percent, while the elderly population accounts for 16.1 percent. Heavy concentrations of the elderly population can be found in Carlisle Borough and Middlesex Township in Cumberland County, and in Harrisburg and Hummelstown and Steelton boroughs in Dauphin County -- partly because retirement communities and assisted living facilities are located in these areas. Heavy concentrations of the disabled population can be found in Carlisle, Mechanicsburg and Shippensburg boroughs in Cumberland County; Harrisburg, Derry Township and Hummelstown Borough in Dauphin County; and Liverpool Borough and Carroll, Tuscarora and Tyrone townships in Perry County. The portion of the population that is both disabled and elderly are primarily found in Carlisle and Mechanicsburg boroughs in Cumberland County; Lower Paxton, Susquehanna and Washington townships in Dauphin County; and Miller, Penn and Wheatfield townships in Perry County.
While Cumberland County and southern Dauphin County’s populations are well served by fixed route transit provided by Capital Area Transit, there is always a need for dependable paratransit. Rabbittransit serves as Perry County’s paratransit provider. Other programs that serve the elderly and disabled can be found in the HATS 2015 Coordinated Human Services Plan.
With the help of a Mobility and Accessibility Committee, HATS was able to identify focus corridors and prioritize the transportation needs of the disabled and elderly populations in the region. This group represented a variety of organizations that assist or represent disabled and elderly individuals. It was determined that there were many gaps in facility networks that are essential to the disabled and elderly population that HATS currently does not have a comprehensive database including sidewalk and curb ramp condition as well as transit access.
- Develop an inventory of sidewalk existence and condition and continue to define areas of greatest need for disabled and elderly populations;
- Coordinate with the Mobility and Accessibility committee on a regular basis to continue the ongoing evaluation of the transportation needs of these populations;
- Create and maintain a listing of transportation services in the HATS region.